What has changed with pension reform?


special regime. The pension reform plan eliminated several special schemes. Where is the MP? All the details about this highly controversial aspect of the reform project.

[Mis à jour le 9 février 2022 à 16h57] The pension reform project proposes to eliminate a large number of special schemes, the main feature of which is early retirement. For example, the RATP, the Banque de France and even the regimes in the electricity and gas industries will all be abolished. On the contrary, if the pension reform takes effect in the summer of 2023, the work of the Paris Opera, the French Comédie, fishermen, lawyers and freelancers will continue. But for a few days, along with centrist delegates Marne Charles de Courson, the debate refocused on the perceived strengths of delegates and senators. “Why do we maintain a special system for MPs?” he said while checking the text on Wednesday, February 1.

In fact, it is not up to the Government to decide whether or not to abolish the special system for members of parliament. With regard to the reform’s new start age, only the Senate and Congress’ respective offices can decide on changes to MPs’ pension plans. It is therefore impossible to imagine the mechanical impact of pension reform on the parliamentary system. Since Walter’s reforms in 2010, the retirement age for MPs has been lowered from 60 to 62. In fact, the latter leave between the ages of 65 and 70. As a reminder, the repeal of special diets will be subject to grandfathered clauses. Obviously, it only involves new hires. Employees already on the job will keep their benefits.

From September 1, 2023, most special schemes that allow people to leave before the statutory retirement age will disappear with the pension reform. RATPa branch of the natural gas industry (independent expert group), this clergy and employee of a notarystaff member Bank of France and members of the Economic, Social and Environmental Council (Cheese) will therefore see their special program for new hires canceled. On the other hand, those involving lawyers’ voluntary schemes, sailors’ schemes, the Paris Opera and the French Comédie will not be affected by this novelty related to pension reform.

Note that changes to the mandatory retirement age do have an impact on workers in special plans, as do extensions to the contribution period. Civil servants, on the other hand, could still benefit from a more favorable calculation method. In their example, retirement calculations are based on the last six months of a career, not the best 25 years.

Special regimes complete the list of social security regimes. These programs are affiliated with companies, public institutions or professions. There are three main categories: public function (national police, army), regime Businesses and Public Institutions (EDF, RATP, SNCF). Finally, special institutions, such as those of the Comédie Française, the Paris Opera, notaries or the Banque de France).In France, 15 special schemes exist, representing 4.7 million contributor. Here is a full list of special diets:

  • civil service system
  • The system of the Bank of France
  • RATP system
  • SNCF program
  • mining system
  • Paris National Opera staff system
  • The system of the Comédie Française
  • Institutions of the Port Autonomous Port of Bordeaux
  • Sailor Institution of the National Naval Veterans Agency
  • cult system
  • Clerical and notary system
  • Parliamentarianism in the Senate and an independent Senate Social Security Fund
  • parliamentary system of the national assembly
  • EDF-GDF Program for the Electricity and Gas Sector
  • National Industry Agency Workers Program and Local Government Officials Program

On September 1, 2023, some special schemes will disappear if pension reforms come into force. But in reality, this removal only concerns new hires. Existing employees will retain this famous special regime. This is called: grandfather clause.

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