Letters or phrases utilized in the same way as words are call acronyms. Examples of acronyms are NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) and NASA (the National Aeronautics and Space Administration). As they stand, they read. However, not all acronyms to read as words. For instance, the words “the BCCI” (Board of Control for Cricket in India) and “IBM” (The International Business Machines) will be spoken separately.

Language is main means to carry out person’s thinking, ideas, aims (Salomova, 2014). Acronyms and abbreviations are an important part of language. In layperson’s terms, we may say that acronyms and abbreviations are just a word’s or phrases short version, yet both are still distinct and have various uses. Academic Writing is not an easy task that learn in a day or two but it is a lifelong process (professionalessayservice, 2019). To use the correct words and phrases takes tie to understand. In reality, abbreviations are the words’ truncated forms, which to read as whole words. As an illustration, “street” can be shortened to “St.” and “doctor” to “Dr.” The letters do not stand for different words when they are abbreviate, unlike acronyms.

Abbreviations and acronyms are employee in academic writing by almost every finance dissertation writing service in addition to formal writing. In academic writing, abbreviations and acronyms are employee to avoid repeatedly using the exact words and make the entire content understandable and appealing.

How An Abbreviation Is Different from An Initialize And An Acronym?

Although they are both abbreviations, acronyms and initializes differ in how they speak.

Typically, acronyms are create by combining the first letters of the phrase’s words. For instance, “ELISA,” which stands for “Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay,” is writer and speak as a word. AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), RAM (Random Access Memory), and PIN are more instances (Personal Identification Number).

Initializes are similarly a string of letters, but they speak by individually spelling each letter, as in “DNA” for “Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid” and “DOI” for “Digital Object Identifier.”

Types of Abbreviation

Two different sorts of acronyms are frequently employee in scientific writing. Both standard and uncommon abbreviations fall under this category.

Standard Abbreviations

Units of measurement are an example of a standard abbreviation that does not even need to be explained the first time it is used.

These widely recognized acronyms may use directly in the article. Examples include short chemical components or measuring units (g for grammes, m for meter, s for seconds, etc.).

Non-Standard Abbreviation

The author must explain these are non-standard, industry-specific abbreviations in the manuscript’s first introduction.

As an exception, some non-standard abbreviations do not need to be defined, such as “LASER” (complete form: Light Amplification by Simulated Emission of Radiation) and “RADAR” (complete form: Radio Detection and Ranging). Due to their prominence, they are list as terms in several popular dictionaries.


You might wonder when you can utilize abbreviations in academic writing now that you know how to use them. If you adhere to the following guidelines, you can use acronyms in academic writing without a problem.


  1. First things first: in academic writing, the titles of doctors are always abbreviate, even by all the professional of . Additionally, an abbreviation for their professional qualifications is employee. Acronyms and abbreviations should not use together, though. For instance, if you wish to discuss a specific physician in academic writing, you can use either Paul Richard, M.D., or Paul Richard; Dr. Never refers to it by its medical name, Dr. Paul Richard. Similarly, non-medical doctors with doctorates should identified as Dr. Anita Kadam or Anita Kadam, Ph.D., rather than Dr. Anita Kadam, Ph.D.
  2. Another crucial consideration when utilizing abbreviations in academic writing is that a period must come after each abbreviation. A period is typically place after an abbreviation that consists of the first and last letters of a single word, such as Doctor or Mister (Dr. or Mr.).
  3. Put the definite articles “a” and “a” before acronyms and abbreviations. However, the sound of the first letter in the acronym will determine whether to employ indefinite articles. It signifies that, in the case of a consonant sound, the indefinite article “a” should use, as in “a U.S. official.” In addition, before a vowel sound, the indefinite article “a” should to use, as in “an MBA graduate” or “an MRI.”
  4. One should adhere to standard conventions while utilizing common abbreviations. For example, for a.m. and p.m., one should use a small letter or small case. At the same time, you should only use capital letters for B.C. and A.D. additionally; putting periods after these abbreviations is optional; if you choose not to use them that is perfectly acceptable too.
  5. A period should be used to end a month that has a date or numeral either before it or after it, such as Feb. 14 or 14 Feb. Keep in mind that not all months can be shortened; only January, February, March, April, August, September, October, November, and December can; May, June, and July should not be shortened at all. Additionally, months that only appear once or in the text, along with the year, should not truncated. The days of the week should also only abbreviate if they occur in charts, tables, or slides.
  6. Another guideline for using acronyms in academic writing is that you can omit the period that follows each letter. For example, BCCI does not need to writer as B.C.C.I., but it is also not required.
  7. A list that begins with “such as” or “including” should never end with the Latin acrostic etc., which is a shortened version of et cetera and signifies “and others.” Additionally, and should never come before, etc., such as “and etc.”
  8. When a sentence finishes in an acronym, never add another period. There is no need to add a second period because your abbreviation contains one already. Apple Computer, Inc. is one illustration. As a rule, the sentence is conclude with the same period that ends the abbreviation.


One of the most frequently asked queries regarding abbreviations is, “Do you have to put a period in the end when writing it out?” There is not an established rule that bans you from doing that; it is kind of up to you. Periods are sometimes require and to help the shorthand be simpler to read. Take the following instance. Population’s shorthand is pop.; without a period, it can merely appear as pop (as in pop goes the weasel).

State postal abbreviations like NY, CA, and TX are examples of abbreviations that never use a period. There can be a period between each letter in the United States of America abbreviation, but it is much more typical to omit it. The same is true for abbreviations for measurements like ft., in, and cm.


It would help if you always referred to the appropriate style manual when writing your academic or scientific paper to reduce abbreviation errors, in addition to the tips above and tricks. Using an AI grammar checker like Grammarly is an additional choice. Use abbreviations and acronyms only when they are easier to understand (Silvia, 2018). Feel free to use abbreviations in your academic writing today. They can help your paper be more readable or stay within a word limit.


PES, (2019).  How To Improve Your Writing Skills 5 Tricks by UK Experts. Online Available at < https://www.professionalessayservice.co.uk/how-to-improve-your-writing-skills-5-tricks-by-uk-experts/> [Accessed on 28th November 2022]

Salomova, G. (2014). The reflection features of abbreviations and acronyms of the English language. JournalNX, 178-181.


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